How to choose the right wood finish for furniture.

corner shelves with lamp

 

Whether you're flipping a piece of furniture, finishing one anew, or just breathing new life into a favorite piece, a crucial part of refinishing is layering on a sealant after you've painted or stained. 

A protective finish like a wax, lacquer or sealer will protect the furniture for as long as possible. There are multiple options that vary in durability, look, and sheen, so take into consideration the location, daily wear, and finished look of the piece before deciding on a finish.

Here's a quick guide on what substances to consider when select the right finish for your particular project.

Polyurethane

Polyurethane is the best option for a painted piece, though it’s also a popular finish for stained furniture. Polyurethane comes in multiple sheens and your choice will depend on personal preference between a matte finish or a shinier final look.

It’s applied in multiple thin coats, just like paint with a brush or roller.

Penetrating oil

Oils like Tung Oil, Danish Oil, or Antique Oil, for example, are the best choice for stained furniture that won’t see a lot of day-to-day use. Follow the directions on the particular product, but oil finishes are generally applied to the wood, left to soak, then removed by rubbing off, similar to wood stain.

Lacquer

Lacquers are very durable because they dry very hard, but are a little more labor intensive to apply than the other options. It’s best applied with a spray for a smooth finish, but can be applied with a high quality brush, too. A con to this choice is that it can discolor and become scratched over time. 

Wax

Furniture waxes don’t offer a lot of long-term protection against the elements because they never truly harden, so this is another option that’s best for pieces that don’t see a lot of wear and tear or temperature change. Wax is a popular option over chalk or milk paint and is often used as another finishing layer over the top of a different finishing option like penetrating oil.

Want to take on this project? Check out our guide on how to refinish your wood furniture!

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